Romantic poets relied on vivid imagery to develop send its message. The message of amos lands on the global church today with as much force and necessity as it. Comprising only nine chapters of oracles, it was composed during the age of jeroboam ii, king of israel from 786 to 746 bce. Amos, theology of bakers evangelical dictionary of. Amos may have delivered the prophecies of this book at different places in the northern kingdom, such as samaria and bethel. The basis for these predictions is not the rise in. The major themes in the book of amos judgment, injustice, lament, the sin of gods people, repentance are not easy subjects.
Woe to those who are at ease in zion, say the lord in amos 6. Israel, the northern country consisting of ten tribes, and judah, the remaining two tribes in the south. Although israel maintained the ritual formalities of the law, and even exceeded them amos 4. He is not to be confused with amoz stout, strong, the father of isaiah isaiah 1. The book of amos is a prophetic book of the hebrew bible, one of the twelve minor prophets. It also includes chapters on the text itself, providing a critical assessment of how the book came to be, the original message of amos and his circle, which parts of the book may have been added by later scribes, and.
Although the book of jonah is not about world missions, the theme of gods mission to the world is definitely present in. Covenantal concerns are central to the yahwehs accusations e. The palmwine drinkard is a novel by nigerian writer amos tutuola. Thankfully, we do not have to pick one purpose for jonah, but can focus instead on prominent themes that run throughout the book. In order to comprehend the theology of the book that bears his name, one must have a basic understanding of that context. The exile of israel is an important feature in biblical history. At the heart of this message is the covenant between yahweh and his people. Amos prophecy was a judgement message to a few nations, but primarily against the 10 tribe kingdom of israel, warning of gods judgement against them for their false worship, immorality. Paul, for example, never clearly identifies the genre of amos except to say that amos delivered a devastating diatribe against the nations distorted concept of the wholesale panacea of the cult6 and that it was a message of doom. The global message of amos the message of amos lands on the global church today with as much force and necessity as it landed on the people of god 2,700 years ago. The book of amos was likely written between 760 and 753 b. As with each of the minor prophets, the title comes from the name of the prophet to whom god gave his message 1.
What common theme is present in all the major and minor prophets. The theology of the book of amos in modern times, amos has come to be considered one of the most important prophets, mainly for his uncompromising message about social justice. The book of amos is an intriguing scripture from a unique individual, amos, a shepherd and fig tree farmer dwelling in southern judah who is called by god to go to bethel and announce warnings of judgment to the northern kingdom of israel. The book of amos is one of the shortest prophetic books with only nine chapters. During the time of the minor prophets, the nation of israel had divided into two separate countries, each with its own government.
This speaks of the near judgment of god upon the nations. Amos many scholars believe that amos was the earliest of all of the biblical prophets to have his words put in writingminor, major or somewhere inbetween. You all know that the number seven is significant in the bible, and it was to the jew. Information and translations of book of amos in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The coming downfall and the utter collapse of the northern kingdom are two major themes in the book of amos. He heals us with his love, as hosea says i led them with cords of human kindness, with ties of love. Transcribed and edited by david sielaff, february 20. Find out what true worship looks like in the book of amos. The prophet amos lived among a group of shepherds in tekoa, a small town. Book of amos, the third of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets, collected in one book under the jewish canon titled the twelve. Injustice permeates our world, yet as christians we often turn a blind eye to the suffering of others for more important work like praying, preaching, and teaching.
Amos was a humble sheep raiser and nipper of figsamos 1. More than almost any other book of scripture, the book of amos holds gods people. Amos attacks two major areas of sin commonly indicted by the prophets. The theology of the book of amos old testament theology. The key idea in amos is that god is just and impartial and will judge not only the nations but also. Amos contains all of the literary types he described. But the book of amos reminds us that those works, while unquestionably central to a believers life, ring hollow when we dont love and serve others in our own lives. Like all biblical prophets, amos spoke the oracles of yahweh, israels god, to people in a particular context. Book of amos summary we have detailed a brief summary of the book of amos for bible study or sunday school lessons. This book provides a detailed exploration of this theme and other important elements of the theology underlying the book of amos. The covenant lawsuit, woe oracles, laments, promise oracles, visions, and parallelism. The main purpose of a summary is as a simplification highlighting the major points from the original and much longer version of the subject. The minor prophets include twelve books called hosea, joel, amos, obadiah, jonah, micah, nahum, habakkuk, zephaniah, haggai, zechariah, and malachi. Amos fortune, free man study guide contains a biography of elizabeth yates, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and.
Gods relationship with his people includes judging them in righteousness when they sin and restoring them in grace. A level notes on the book of amos by mberengwa norman issuu. The main themes of the book of amos are social justice, god\s omnipotence, and divine judgment became staples of prophecy. Amos wrote at a time of relative peace and prosperity but also of neglect of gods laws. Damascus to the north, the philistines of gaza to the southwest, the phoenicians of tyre to the west, edom remember obadiah. By examining the background and major themes of the book of amos, it is possible to accurately diagnose the strength of this theme presented in amos writings. He speaks of hope for the children of israel when they will be restored to a kingdom under. The book of amos is one of the least understood in the holy scriptures. That is restored under the rule of christ for he is the son of david, the messiah. If you would like to read this first prophetic book of the bible, please click the link to the chapter you would like to read and all of the bible verses will be listed for your perusal. This lecture studies the literary features and major themes of classical israelite prophecy as evidenced in particular in the. The major themes in the book of amos include denunciation of. Amos, an older contemporary of hosea and isaiah, was active c. The basis for these predictions is not the rise in power of the assyrian empire, with its threat of invasion from the north, but rather the immorality expressed in the political, economic, and religious life of amos contemporaries.
Although he may have been just a sheepherder from tekoa, he was a well educated one and a skilled writer, and his book has quite an elaborate structure. His major themes of social justice, gods omnipotence, and divine judgment became staples of prophecy. Israels root problem was its false religion having a form of godliness but denying its power 2 tim. The book of amos is written in typical prophetic style with warnings of judgments to come. He spoke against an increased disparity between the very wealthy and the very poor. Amos reminds the global church of the commitment to justice that is embedded in the very character of god. His major themes of justice, gods omnipotence, and divine judgment became staples of prophecy. The major themes in the book of amos include denunciation. Book of amos overview insight for living ministries. Although hosea is believed to have arrived a little later on the prophetic scene, hosea did marry a prostitute, which, scholars believe, is a lot spicier than anything that amos ever did. The major themes romantic poets wrote about were love, romance, and nature.
The book of hosea consists of fourteen chapters, which was the record for a minor prophet until zechariah tied it a couple centuries later. The prophetic books are anthologies of oracles the sequence of which is often determined by literary rather than chronological considerations. Hoseas name means salvation and he pictures christ as the healer of he backslider. Amos mission is directed to his neighbor to the north, israel. God raised up the prophet amos, as an act of his great mercy to a. The key idea in amos is that god is just and impartial and will judge not only the nations but also his own people for their life of ease and apathy amid human suffering. The book of amos, the third of the twelve minor prophets, has been one of the most significant and influential books of the bible from the time it was written 8th century bce down to the 20th century.
Reading them today we may well be tempted to downplay the force of the message and dilute the challenge it brings. The purpose of the book of amos was to announce gods holy judgment on the kingdom of israel the northern kingdom, call them to repentance, and to turn from their selfrighteous sins and idolatry. A summary, synopsis or recap is a shortened version of the original. This book provides a detailed exploration of this theme and other important elements of. Other major ideas proposed in the book of amos include. Hoseas marriage symbolizes israels relationship with god and serves to remind israel of gods forbearance and israel. Amos is a shepherd and a fruit picker from the judean village of tekoa when god calls him, even though he lacks an education or a priestly background. The novel was the first major african literary work to be published in english outside of africa. He speaks of hope for the children of israel when they will be restored to a kingdom under the house of david. Almost onethird of the chapters of the book of isaiah contain prophecies about jesus christ, addressing both his first and second comings. The lecture focuses on the eighthcentury northern prophet hosea, a linguistically difficult book set against the backdrop of the expansionist assyrian empire. Structure of and literary features in the book of amos 22. Amos was a contemporary of hosea, isaiah, and jonah.497 394 1302 1441 597 1424 136 948 494 1034 1435 437 302 223 1242 1082 1359 23 1113 1272 912 329 1460 144 343 650 67 716 760 414 677 1148 509 424 1454 295 810 1020 845 1134 708 496 641 656 1377 1368 1093